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Taking contraceptive pills (birth control pills) is one of the medications that are taken orally to prevent pregnancy. They contain hormones, like estrogen and progestin, which help prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to block sperm from reaching the egg, and thin the lining of the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. Keep reading to know more about contraceptive pills.


What are contraceptive pills?

Contraceptive pills are a type of birth control method that contain hormones and are taken orally to prevent pregnancy.

How to use contraceptive pills?

Follow the instructions: Follow the instructions to determine when to take the active pills, when to take the inactive pills, and when to start a new pack.

Start taking the pill: Most contraceptive pills come in a pack with 21 active pills and 7 inactive pills. Generally, you start taking the active pills on the first day of your period.

Take the pill at the same time every day: It’s important to take the contraceptive pill at the same time every day. This helps ensure that the hormone levels in your body remain constant and the pill is effective.

Continue taking the pill: Continue taking the pill every day even if you are not having sex. If you miss a pill, follow the instructions, or consult your doctor.

Use backup contraception: It’s a good idea to use backup contraception, such as condoms, which can ensure that you are fully protected against pregnancy.

Other contraception methods & options

Hormonal Methods:

  • Contraceptive patch
  • Vaginal ring
  • Contraceptive injection 
  • Contraceptive implant 

Barrier Methods:

  • Condoms
  • Diaphragm/ Cervical cap

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Contraception methods & options

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